Pictorial Scale of Physical Self-Concept for Brazilian Children: Validity and Reliability

in Journal of Motor Learning and Development
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  • 1 Federal Institute of Education, Science, and Technology of Ceará
  • | 2 Federal University of Amazonas
  • | 3 Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
  • | 4 Westfälische Wilhelms—Universität Münster
  • | 5 Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
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This study aimed to translate the Pictorial Scale of Physical Self-Concept for Brazilian Children (PSPPS-BR) into the Brazilian-Portuguese language, conduct a transcultural adaptation of it, and investigate its validity. Method: The authors adopted the reverse translation procedures to obtain the PSPPS-BR’s Brazilian-Portuguese version. Three motor behavior experts assessed the scale items’ clarity and pertinence. Ten professionals participated in the face validity study. Children (N = 300; 150 girls and 150 boys; 8–10 years old; Mage = 9.0, SD = 0.81) were randomly selected from six schools in Brazil and assessed using the PSPPS-BR, the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence, and the Self-Perception Profile for Children. The children (N = 100) were reassessed for test–retest reliability. Results: High clarity and pertinence agreement among experts (content validity coefficient from 98.4% to 100%; Gwet’s agreement coefficient from .85 to 1.00, p < .001) and among professionals (content validity coefficient clarity: 83–100%, relevance: 90–100%) were obtained. The confirmatory factorial analysis showed adequate model fits (root mean square error of approximation = .067; comparative fit index = .968; Tukey–Lewis index = .949). Polychoric correlations showed an adequate internal consistency for total scale (α = .78) and items (alpha from .73 to .78). The intraclass coefficient correlation shown strong test–retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient > .95). Conclusion: The PSPPS-BR showed adequate validity and reliability for Brazilian children.

Nobre is with the Federal Institute of Education, Science, and Technology of Ceará, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil. Duarte is with the Federal University of Amazonas, Parintins, Parintins, AM, Brazil. Sartori is with the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Tietjens is with the Institute for Sports Science, Westfälische Wilhelms—Universität Münster, Münster, Germany. Valentini is with the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Jardim Botânico, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Nobre (glauber_nobre@hotmail.com) is corresponding author.
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