Promoting Physical Activity and Quality of Life in Vitoria, Brazil: Evaluation of the Exercise Orientation Service (EOS) Program

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
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Background:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate associations between exposure to the Exercise Orientation Service (EOS) program and physical activity (PA) and quality of life (QoL) in adults from Vitoria, Brazil.

Methods:

A phone survey was conducted with 2023 randomly selected participants (≥ 18 years) to measure awareness about the program, participation in the program, PA levels, and QoL. The associations were tested using Poisson and Linear regression models.

Results:

31.5% reported awareness about the program, 1.5% reported current participation, and 5.8% reported previous participation. Participation was higher among women (2.1%), older subjects (2.8%), and those reporting morbidities (2.4%). Awareness was higher among middle-aged persons (36.0%) and highly educated participants (37.1%). Current participation (PR = 2.22; 95% CI = 1.65–2.99) and awareness (PR = 1.15; 95% CI = 1.02–1.30) were associated with leisure-time PA (LTPA).

Conclusion:

Exposure to the program was not associated with QoL but was consistently associated with sufficient levels of LTPA among adults from Vitoria, Brazil.

Reis and Hino are with the School of Health and Biosciences, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. Cruz and Malta are with the Coordenação Geral de Doenças e Agravos não transmissíveis, Brazilian Ministry of Health, Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil. da Silva Filho is with the Serviço de Orientação ao Exercício, Secretaria Municipal de Saúde, Vitoria, Espirito Santo, Brazil. Domingues is with the Sports Dept, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Hallal is with the Escola Superior de Educação Física, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.