Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Body Mass Index in the Czech Republic: A Nationally Representative Survey

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
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Background:

Post-communist countries have experienced rapid economic development and social changes, which have been accompanied by changes in health-related lifestyle behaviors, such as physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations of domain-specific physical activity and total sedentary time with BMI among adults in the Czech Republic.

Methods:

We surveyed a nationally representative sample (n = 4097) of the Czech Republic in fall 2007 using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (long form). Multiple linear regression analyses were used to examine associations of physical activity, sedentary time and sociodemograhic characteristics with BMI.

Results:

Older age, lower educational attainment, and lower levels of leisure-time physical activity were associated with higher BMI. Compared with those living in large cities, men living in small towns and women living in small villages had higher BMI.

Conclusions:

This study has identified correlates of BMI in the Czech Republic. Although more evidence from longitudinal studies is needed, findings from the current study can inform interventions to prevent the rising obesity epidemic.

Mitáš and Frömel are with the Institute of Active Lifestyle, Center for Kinanthropology Research, Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech Republic. Ding is with the School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Kerr is with the Dept of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

Journal of Physical Activity and Health