Effects of Stabilization Exercises on Health-Related Quality of Life in Women With Chronic Low Back Pain

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
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Background:

The study examined the effects of a 4-week intensive isometric and isotonic stabilization exercise program on dimensions of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in women with chronic low back pain (CLBP).

Methods:

A total of 39 women (27–72 years old) provided data in an experimental study with a 9-month follow-up. Random allocation was undertaken for the two treatment groups out of the 3 groups: isometric stabilization (n = 13), isotonic stabilization (n = 13), and a control group (n = 13) that did not participate in any form of exercise. Health-related quality of life measures using the Short-Form 36 Health Survey were assessed before program initiation, immediately after program termination, and 4 times postintervention for a period of 9 months.

Results:

The isometric stabilization group displayed large improvements in bodily pain and vitality for women with CLBP attending a 4-week intensive isometric stabilization exercise program. The effects were retained for a period of 9 months after program termination.

Conclusions:

Isometric stabilization exercises reduce pain and enhance vitality as dimensions of HRQL among women with chronic low back pain with such effects lasting for at least 9 months.

Moussouli, Vlachopoulos (vlachop@phed-sr.auth.gr), Kofotolis, and Kellis are with the Dept of Physical Education and Sport Science at Serres, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Serres, Greece. Theodorakis is with the Dept of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece. Malliou is with the Dept of Physical Education and Sport Science, Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini, Greece.