Associations of Perceived and Objectively Measured Neighborhood Environmental Attributes With Leisure-Time Sitting for Transport

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
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This study examined associations of perceived and objectively measured neighborhood environmental attributes with leisure-time sitting for transport among middle-to-older aged Japanese adults.


Data were collected using a postal survey of 998 adults aged 40 to 69 years. Generalized linear modeling with a gamma distribution and a log link was used to examine associations of perceived (International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Environmental module) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS)-derived built environment attributes with self-reported leisure-time sitting for transport.


Mean leisure-time sitting time for transport was 20.4 min/day. After adjusting for potential confounders, perceived higher residential density, GIS-measured higher population density, better access to destinations, better access to public transport, longer sidewalk length, and higher street connectivity, were associated significantly with lower sitting time for transport.


Residents living in neighborhoods with attributes previously found to be associated with more walking tended to spend less time sitting for transport during leisure-time. The health benefits of walkability-related attributes may accrue not only through increased physical activity, but also through less sedentary time.

Liao is with the Dept of Health Promotion and Health Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan. Sugiyama is with the Centre for Design Innovation, Faculty of Health Arts & Design, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia. Shibata is with the Dept of Comprehensive Research Organization; Ishii is with the Faculty of Sport Sciences; Waseda University, Shinjyuku, Japan. Inoue is with the Dept of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan. Koohsari is with the Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. Owen is with the Dept of Behavioural Epidemiology, Baker IDI, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. Oka is with the Dept of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa, Japan.

Liao ( is corresponding author.