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The Canadian Assessment of Physical Literacy (CAPL) was conceptualized as a tool to monitor children’s physical literacy. The original model (fitness, activity behavior, knowledge, motor skill) required revision and relative weights for calculating/interpreting scores were required.


Nineteen childhood physical activity/fitness experts completed a 3-round Delphi process. Round 1 was open-ended questions. Subsequent rounds rated statements using a 5-point Likert scale. Recommendations were sought regarding protocol inclusion, relative importance within composite scores and score interpretation.


Delphi participant consensus was achieved for 64% (47/73) of statement topics, including a revised conceptual model, specific assessment protocols, the importance of longitudinal tracking, and the relative importance of individual protocols and composite scores. Divergent opinions remained regarding the inclusion of sleep time, assessment/scoring of the obstacle course assessment of motor skill, and the need for an overall physical literacy classification.


The revised CAPL model (overlapping domains of physical competence, motivation, and knowledge, encompassed by daily behavior) is appropriate for monitoring the physical literacy of children aged 8 to 12 years. Objectively measured domains (daily behavior, physical competence) have higher relative importance. The interpretation of CAPL results should be reevaluated as more data become available.

Francis, Longmuir (, Boyer, Barnes, and Tremblay are with the Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute. Longmuir is also with the Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa. Andersen is with the Research Unit for Exercise Epidemiology, Institute of Sport Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Centre of Research in Childhood Health, University of Southern Denmark. Boiarskaia and Zhu are with the Dept of Kinesiology and Community Health, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. Cairney is with the Dept of Family Medicine, Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, and Kinesiology, McMaster University. Faigenbaum is with the Dept of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey Ewing. Faulkner is with the Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto. Hands and Shephard are with the Institute for Health Research, University of Notre Dame Australia. Hay is with the Dept of Community Health Sciences, Brock University. Janssen is with the School of Kinesiology and Health Studies and Dept of Public Health Services, Queen’s University, Canada. Katzmarzyk is with the Pennington Biomedical Research Center. Kemper is with the VU University Medical Centre, The Institute for Health and Care Research (EMGO+), The Netherlands. Knudson is with the Dept of Health and Human Performance, Texas State University. Lloyd is with the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ontario Institute of Technology. McKenzie is with the School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University. Olds is with the Health and Use of Time (HUT) Group, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia. Sacheck is with the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University.