Longitudinal Study on the Association Between Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Anthropometric Parameters and Blood Lipids

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
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Background:

Longitudinal evidence concerning the association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and blood lipids and between anthropometric parameters (ANTP) and blood lipids is limited. This study aimed to investigate the association between changes in CRF and ANTP and changes in blood lipids.

Methods:

In 2002–2004 and 2012–2014, 652 participants were tested. CRF was measured as VO2peak using a maximal ergometer test. Waist circumference (WC) and Body Mass Index (BMI) were used as ANTP. Blood samples were analyzed for total cholesterol (TC), HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. A linear regression analysis was performed to investigate associations between changes in CRF and ANTP and changes in blood lipids.

Results:

After adjustment a decrease in CRF was associated with an increase in triglycerides and a decrease in HDL cholesterol in men. An increase in WC was associated with an increase in TC, LDL cholesterol and ratio total/HDL cholesterol and a decrease in HDL cholesterol, while an increase in BMI was associated with an increase in ratio total/HDL cholesterol and a decrease in HDL cholesterol.

Conclusions:

WC and BMI were more longitudinally associated with blood lipids compared with CRF. Improving ANTP can enhance the blood lipid profile, while CRF had only limited influence.

Mertens (Evelien.Mertens@vub.ac.be), Clarys, and Deforche are with the Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Dept of Human Biometrics and Biomechanics, Brussels, Belgium. Clarys is also with Erasmus University College, Brussels, Belgium. Mertens is also with, and Lefevre, Charlier, and Knaeps are with, the Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Dept of Kinesiology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. Deforche is also with the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Dept of Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Knaeps is also with the Dept of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.