Process Evaluation Results From an Intergenerational Physical Activity Intervention for Grandparents Raising Grandchildren

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health

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Tiffany Young
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Chantelle Sharpe
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Grandparents and the grandchildren they raise may experience stress related to their caregiving relationship that negatively impacts their health. Thus, there is a need to develop intergenerational health promotion interventions for these kinship families.


An 8-week intergenerational physical activity intervention for kinship families was developed and implemented. The specific goal was to understand the process of implementing the intervention. Content analysis of observational data provided an in-depth account of the intervention’s process (ie, recruitment, dose delivered, dose received, fidelity, and context).


Community and support service organizations referred more participants to the study than individual stakeholders. Most participants attended approximately 10 classes, and the grandparents were more engaged than the grandchildren during the classes. Intervention fidelity was confirmed with the fidelity checklist and observational notes. Health emerged as a barrier to participation, while the intergenerational nature of the intervention was a facilitator. Lastly, the context domain described how the grandparents’ complex lives affected their ability to participate, while the dedication of the recreation staff helped the intervention to proceed efficiently.


The distinct details gleaned from this study can provide guidance on how to develop and implement future intergenerational interventions.

Young ( is with the North Carolina Translation Research and Clinical Science Institute, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC. Sharpe is with the School of Aging Studies, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

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