Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors Levels of Kuwaiti Adolescents: The Study of Health and Activity Among Adolescents in Kuwait

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
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Background: There is only scarce number of studies available describing the lifestyle of adolescents living in Arab countries. Hence, we described physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors patterns among Kuwaiti adolescents and the associations with parental education. Methods: Cross-sectional data from 435 adolescents (201 boys and 234 girls) were collected from the Study of Health and Activity among Adolescents in Kuwait conducted between 2012 and 2013. Outcome variables included PA (ActiGraph GT1M accelerometers) and sedentary behaviors. Exposure variable was parental education. Descriptive and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to examine the association between parental education and outcome variables. Results: Total sedentary time (minutes per day) was higher in girls [568.2 (111.6)] than in boys [500.0 (102.0)], whereas boys accumulated more minutes in light, moderate, and vigorous PA (all Ps ≤ .001). In total, 3.4% of adolescents spent ≥60 minutes per day of moderate to vigorous PA (by accelerometry), while only 21% met the screen time guidelines. Low/medium maternal education was associated with a higher odds of exceeding screen time guidelines (odds ratio = 2.09; 95% confidence interval, 1.09–4.02). Conclusions: Most Kuwaiti adolescents in this sample were physically inactive and exceeded screen time guidelines. Objective PA was not socially patterned, yet an inverse association between maternal education and screen time behaviors was found.

Hashem, Hamer, McMunn, and Stamatakis are with the Dept of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom. Hamer is also the with School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom. Rey-López and Stamatakis are with the Charles Perkins Centre, Prevention Research Collaboration, School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Whincup and Owen are with the Population Health Research Institute, St George’s University of London, London, United Kingdom. Rowlands is with the Diabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom; NIHR Leicester-Loughborough Diet, Lifestyle and Physical Activity Biomedical Research Unit, Leicester, United Kingdom; and Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition and Activity (ARENA), Sansom Institute for Health Research, Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Stamatakis (emmanuel.stamatakis@sydney.edu.au) is corresponding author.
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