Validation of Sedentary Behavior Record Instrument as a Measure of Contextual Information of Sedentary Behavior

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD $24.95

Student 1 year subscription

USD $115.00

1 year subscription

USD $153.00

Student 2 year subscription

USD $218.00

2 year subscription

USD $285.00

Background: To establish evidence for the validity of the Sedentary Behavior Record (SBR) instrument using a criterion measure through a proxy of direct observation. Methods: A total of 27 study participants (aged ≥18 y; 15 male) participated in this study. Throughout a 4-day measurement period, each participant recorded their sedentary behavior using the SBR in 10-minute blocks every night. During the measurement period, participants also wore wearable Autographer cameras as a proxy for direct observation. Autographer data were aggregated into 10-minute intervals. To establish evidence of validity, contingency (C) and Kappa (K) coefficients were calculated between the SBR and the Autographer data. For C and K, agreements were determined between 2 measures every cell. The coefficient C was compared across domains, types, and time of day, and K was compared across types of day and times of day. Results: Overall, the coefficients C and K were acceptable (C = .70) and substantial (K = .64), respectively. Among all domains, the highest C was reported for work-related sitting (C = .87). Values of C ranged from .49 to .91 among all activities; the highest accuracy was for work-related, screen-based sitting. Conclusions: This study suggests that the SBR is an acceptable self-report measure of sedentary behavior in adults.

Kim and Kang are with the Research & Analytics Laboratory, School of Applied Sciences, The University of Mississippi, University, MS. Kang is also with the Health and Sport Analytics Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, University, MS.

Kim (hkim35@olemiss.edu) is corresponding author.
Journal of Physical Activity and Health
Article Sections
References
  • 1.

    Sedentary Behavior Research Network. Letter to the Editor: standardized use of the terms “sedentary” and “sedentary behaviours”. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2012;37(3):540542. doi:10.1139/h2012-024

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Kim HKang M. Sedentary behavior and metabolic syndrome in physically active adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003–2006. Am J Hum Biol. 312019;e23225. doi:10.1002/ajhb.23225

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Healy GNWijndaele KDunstan DWet al. Objectively measured sedentary time, physical activity, and metabolic risk the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab). Diabetes Care. 2008;31(2):369371. PubMed ID: 18000181 doi:10.2337/dc07-1795

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4.

    Hamilton MTHamilton DGZderic TW. Role of low energy expenditure and sitting in obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Diabetes. 2007;56(11):26552667. PubMed ID: 17827399 doi:10.2337/db07-0882

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Katzmarzyk PTChurch TSCraig CLBouchard C. Sitting time and mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009;41(5):9981005. PubMed ID: 19346988 doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181930355

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Thorp AAHealy GNOwen Net al. Deleterious associations of sitting time and television viewing time with cardiometabolic risk biomarkers. Diabetes Care. 2010;33(2):327334. PubMed ID: 19918003 doi:10.2337/dc09-0493

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Warren TYBarry VHooker SPSui XChurch TSBlair SN. Sedentary behaviors increase risk of cardiovascular disease mortality in men. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2010;42(5):879885. PubMed ID: 19996993 doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181c3aa7e

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Proper KISingh ASVan Mechelen WChinapaw MJ. Sedentary behaviors and health outcomes among adults: a systematic review of prospective studies. Am J Prev Med. 2011;40(2):174182. PubMed ID: 21238866 doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2010.10.015

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Thorp AAOwen NNeuhaus MDunstan DW. Sedentary behaviors and subsequent health outcomes in adults: a systematic review of longitudinal studies, 1996–2011. Am J Prev Med. 2011;41(2):207215. PubMed ID: 21767729 doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2011.05.004

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Beunza JJMartínez-González Ebrahim Set al. Sedentary behaviors and the risk of incident hypertension: the SUN cohort. Am J Hypertens. 2007;20(11):11561162. PubMed ID: 17954361

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Mitchell JAMattocks CNess ARet al. Sedentary behavior and obesity in a large cohort of children. Obesity. 2009;17(8):15961602. PubMed ID: 19247272 doi:10.1038/oby.2009.42

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Kang MRowe DA. Issues and challenges in sedentary behavior measurement. Meas Phys Educ Exerc Sci. 2015;19(3):105115. doi:10.1080/1091367X.2015.1055566

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Rosenberger M. Sedentary behavior: target for change, challenge to assess. Int J Obes Suppl. 2012;2(suppl 1):S26. doi:10.1038/ijosup.2012.7

  • 14.

    Atkin AJGorely TClemes SAet al. Methods of measurement in epidemiology: sedentary behavior. Int J Epidemiol. 2012;41(5):14601471. PubMed ID: 23045206 doi:10.1093/ije/dys118

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15.

    Healy GNClark BKWinkler EAGardiner PABrown WJMatthews CE. Measurement of adults’ sedentary time in population-based studies. Am J Prev Med. 2011;41(2):216227. PubMed ID: 21767730 doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2011.05.005

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16.

    Wijndaele KDe Bourdeaudhuij IGodino JGet al. Reliability and validity of a domain-specific last 7-d sedentary time questionnaire. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2014;46(6):12481260. PubMed ID: 24492633 doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000000214

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17.

    Sallis JF& Saelens BE. Assessment of physical activity by self-report: status, limitations, and future directions. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2000;71(suppl 2):114. doi:10.1080/02701367.2000.11082780

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18.

    Clark BKSugiyama THealy GNSalmon JDunstan DWOwen N. Validity and reliability of measures of television viewing time and other non-occupational sedentary behaviour of adults: a review. Obes Rev. 2009;10(1):716. PubMed ID: 18631161 doi:10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00508.x

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19.

    Chau JYVan der Ploeg HPDunn SKurko JBauman AE. Validity of the occupational sitting and physical activity questionnaire. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012;44(1):118125. PubMed ID: 21659903 doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3182251060

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20.

    Clark BKThorp AAWinkler EAet al. Validity of self-reported measures of workplace sitting time and breaks in sitting time. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011;43(10):19071912. PubMed ID: 21926535

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21.

    Owen NSugiyama TEakin EEGardiner PATremblay MSSallis JF. Adults’ sedentary behavior: determinants and interventions. Am J Prev Med. 2011;41(2):189196. PubMed ID: 21767727 doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2011.05.013

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22.

    Marshall ALMiller YDBurton NWBrown WJ. Measuring total and domain-specific sitting: a study of reliability and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2010;42(6):10941102. PubMed ID: 19997030

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23.

    Rosenberg DENorman GJWagner NPatrick KCalfas KJSallis JF. Reliability and validity of the Sedentary Behavior Questionnaire (SBQ) for adults. J Phys Act Health. 2010;7(6):697705. PubMed ID: 21088299 doi:10.1123/jpah.7.6.697

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24.

    Owen NHealy GNMatthews CEDunstan DW. Too much sitting: the population-health science of sedentary behavior. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2010;38(3):105113. PubMed ID: 20577058 doi:10.1097/JES.0b013e3181e373a2

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25.

    Kohl HWFulton JECaspersen CJ. Assessment of physical activity among children and adolescents: a review and synthesis. Prev Med. 2000;31(2):S54S76. doi:10.1006/pmed.1999.0542

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26.

    Sirard JRPate RR. Physical activity assessment in children and adolescents. Sports Med. 2001;31(6):439454. PubMed ID: 11394563 doi:10.2165/00007256-200131060-00004

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 27.

    Shiffman SStone AAHufford MR. Ecological momentary assessment. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2008;4:132. PubMed ID: 18509902 doi:10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.3.022806.091415

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 28.

    Kang MKim HFarnsworth JLRagan BG. Identifying sources of error in a self-report sedentary behavior instrument. Poster presented at: The Sedentary Behavior & Health Conference; October, 2015; Urbana-Champaign, IL.

    • Export Citation
  • 29.

    Maxwell SEDelaney HD. Designing Experiments and Analyzing Data: A Model Comparison Perspective. 2nd ed. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers; 2004.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 30.

    Tabachnick BGFidell LS. Using Multivariate Statistics. 6th ed. Boston, MA: Pearson; 2013.

  • 31.

    Bouchard CTremblay ALeblanc CLortie GSavard RTheriault G. A method to assess energy expenditure in children and adults. Am J Clin Nutr. 1983;37(3):461467. PubMed ID: 6829488 doi:10.1093/ajcn/37.3.461

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 32.

    Safrit MJWood TM. Introduction to Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science. St. Louis, MO: Mosby-Year Book; 1995.

  • 33.

    Clark BKWinkler EHealy GNet al. Adults’ past-day recall of sedentary time: reliability, validity and responsiveness. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2013;45(6):11981207. PubMed ID: 23274615. doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3182837f57

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 34.

    Visser MKoster A. Development of a questionnaire to assess sedentary time in older persons–a comparative study using accelerometry. BMC Geriatr. 2013;13(1):80. doi:10.1186/1471-2318-13-80.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 35.

    Tremblay MSColley RCSaunders TJHealy GNOwen N. Physiological and health implications of a sedentary lifestyle. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2010;35(6):725740. PubMed ID: 21164543 doi:10.1139/H10-079

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 36.

    Kim YWelk GJBraun SIKang M. Extracting objective estimates of sedentary behavior from accelerometer data: measurement considerations for surveillance and research applications. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(2):e0118078. PubMed ID: 25658473 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0118078

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 37.

    Kang MFarnsworth JLKim Y. Estimating behavior reliability for sedentary behavior record measurements. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2014;85(S1):A46.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 38.

    Kerr JMarshall SJGodbole Set al. Using the SenseCam to improve classifications of sedentary behavior in free-living settings. Am J Prev Med. 2013;44(3):290296. PubMed ID: 23415127 doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2012.11.004

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 39.

    Lynch BMFriedenreich CMKhandwala FLiu ANicholas JCsizmadi I. Development and testing of a past year measure of sedentary behavior: the SIT-Q. BMC Public Health. 2014;14(1):899. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-899

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 40.

    Chau JYvan der Ploeg HPDunn SKurko JBauman AE. A tool for measuring workers’ sitting time by domain: the Workforce Sitting Questionnaire. Br J Sports Med. 2011;45(15):12161222. PubMed ID: 21947817 doi:10.1136/bjsports-2011-090214

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 41.

    Clemes SADavid BMZhao YHan XBrown W. Validity of two self-report measures of sitting time. J Phys Act Health. 2012;9(4):533539. PubMed ID: 21946087 doi:10.1123/jpah.9.4.533

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 42.

    Glanz KRimer BKViswanath K. Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory Research and Practice. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass; 2008.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 43.

    Friedenreich CMCourneya KSNeilson HKet al. Reliability and validity of the past year total physical activity questionnaire. Am J Epidemiol. 2006;163(10):959970. PubMed ID: 16524954 doi:10.1093/aje/kwj112

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 44.

    Helmerhorst HHJBrage SWarren JBesson HEkelund U. A systematic review of reliability and objective criterion-related validity of physical activity questionnaires. Int J Behav Med. 2012;9(1):103.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 45.

    Shephard RJ. Limits to the measurement of habitual physical activity by questionnaires. Br J Sports Med. 2003;37(3):197206. PubMed ID: 12782543. doi:10.1136/bjsm.37.3.197

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
Article Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 75 75 36
Full Text Views 4 4 3
PDF Downloads 3 3 3
Altmetric Badge
PubMed
Google Scholar