Association of Decline in Physical Activity With Increased Negative Mood Following the Weight-Loss Phase in Women Enrolled in a Cognitive Behavioral Obesity Treatment

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
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Background: Physical activity (PA)–related mood improvement is important because it positively affects predictors of weight-management behaviors. Methods: Decline in PA, mood, and exercise self-efficacy after an initial 6 months of gains were assessed in 93 women in a behavioral obesity treatment. Results: Reduction in change in PA during months 6 to 24, but not actual PA, significantly predicted increased negative mood. For participants whose negative mood increased, their 7 days per week PA regimens were reduced by ∼2.5 days per week versus ∼1 day per week without an increase. Exercise self-efficacy significantly mediated the PA–mood change relationship. Conclusions: Mood-related benefits of sustaining PA beyond initial treatment months were clarified.

The author is with the YMCA of Metro Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, USA; and the Department of Health Promotion and Physical Education, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA, USA.

Annesi (jamesa@ymcaatlanta.org) is corresponding author.
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