Objectively Measured Sedentary Levels and Bouts by Day Type in Australian Young Children

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
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Background: This study aimed to understand whether a higher number of sedentary bouts (SED bouts) and higher levels of sedentary time (SED time) occur according to different day types (childcare days, nonchildcare weekdays, and weekends) in Australian toddlers (1–2.99 y) and preschoolers (3–5.99 y). Methods: The SED time and bouts were assessed using ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometers. The sample was composed of 264 toddlers and 343 preschoolers. The SED bouts and time differences were calculated using linear mixed models. Results: The toddlers’ percentage of SED time was higher on nonchildcare days compared with childcare days (mean difference [MD] = 2.3; 95% confidence interval, 0.7 to 3.9). The toddlers had a higher number of 1- to 4-minute SED bouts on nonchildcare days compared with childcare days. The preschoolers presented higher percentages of SED time during nonchildcare days (MD = 3.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.6 to 4.5) and weekends (MD = 1.9; 95% confidence interval, 0.4 to 3.4) compared with childcare days. The preschoolers presented a higher number of SED bouts (1–4, 5–9, 10–19, and 20–30 min) during nonchildcare days and weekends compared with childcare days. No SED times or bout differences were found between nonchildcare days and weekends, neither SED bouts >30 minutes on toddlers nor on preschoolers. Conclusion: The SED time and bouts seem to be lower during childcare periods, which means that interventions to reduce sedentary time should consider targeting nonchildcare days and weekends.

Pereira, Cliff, Sousa-Sá, Zhang, and McNeill are with the Early Start, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, Australia. Pereira and Sousa-Sá are also with the Universidade Lusófona, CIDEFES (Centro de Investigação em Desporto, Educação Física e Exercício e Saúde). Pereira is also with the CIDAF (uid/dtp/04213/2020), University of Coimbra, Estadio Universitario, Pavilhao III, Coimbra, Portugal. Cliff and McNeill are also with the Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute—IHMRI, University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia. Santos and Sousa-Sá are also with the Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure—CIAFEL, University of Porto, Portugal. Zhang is also with the Faculty of Kinesiology, Sport and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada. Veldman is with the Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam University Medical Center, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Pereira (pereira.joao.rafael@gmail.com) is corresponding author.

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