Effects of 8-Week FIFA 11+ for Kids Intervention on Physical Fitness and Attention in Elementary School Children

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year online subscription

USD  $119.00

1 year online subscription

USD  $159.00

Student 2 year online subscription

USD  $227.00

2 year online subscription

USD  $302.00

Background: The psychological and physiological adaptations in response to the FIFA 11+ for kids (FIFA11+kid) program has not been examined in school children. This study aimed to investigate the effects of 8-week FIFA11+kid intervention on physical fitness and attentional capacity in elementary school children. Methods: A total of 55 elementary school students voluntarily participated in the study. Participants were assigned to either the FIFA11+kid (n = 28, 5 times per week) or the control (n = 27) group. At baseline and after 8 weeks, all participants were asked to perform a battery of physical fitness tests (sit-and-reach, broad jump, sit-up test, and 800-m run) and the Attention Scale for Elementary School Children, including 5 subscales: focused, sustained, selective, alternating, and divided attentions. Results: The FIFA11+kid group demonstrated larger pre–post change in sit-and-reach (P < .001) and sit-up test (P < .001) than that of control group. Moreover, the FIFA11+kid group demonstrated large improvements pre–post change in Attention Scale for Elementary School Children scores of total score (P < .001), focused (P < .001), sustained (P < .001), and selective attentions (P < .001) compared with the control group. Conclusion: A total of 8 weeks of FIFA11+kid exercise intervention can improve general physical fitness and attentional capacities in elementary school children.

Tseng and Y.-S. Chen are with the Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan. Rekik is with the Research Laboratory: Education, Motricity, Sport and Health, Sfax University, Sfax, Tunisia; and the Tanyu Research Laboratory, Taipei, Taiwan. C.-H. Chen is with the Sporting Education Office, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan. Clemente and Bezerra are with the Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Rua Escola Industrial e Comercial de Nun’Álvares, Viana do Castelo, Portugal. Clemente is also with the Instituto de Telecomunicações, Delegação da Covilhã, Lisboa, Portugal. Bezerra is also with the Research Centre in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, Vila Real, Portugal. Crowley-McHattan is with the Faculty of Health, Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW, Australia. Y.-S. Chen is also with the Exercise and Health Promotion Association, New Taipei City, Taiwan.

Y.-S. Chen (yschen@utaipei.edu.tw) is a corresponding author.
  • 1.

    Brusseau TA, Hannon JC, Fu Y, et al. . Trends in physical activity, health-related fitness, and gross motor skills in children during a two-year comprehensive school physical activity program. J Sci Med Sport. 2018;21(8):828832. PubMed ID: 29373204 doi:10.1016/j.jsams.2017.12.015

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Brustio PR, Mulasso A, Marasso D, et al. . The daily mile: 15 minutes running improves the physical fitness of Italian primary school children. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(20):3921. PubMed ID: 31618975 doi:10.3390/ijerph16203921

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Burns RD, Fu Y, Fang Y, Hannon JC, Brusseau TA. Effect of a 12-week physical activity program on gross motor skills in children. Percept Mot Skills. 2017;124(6):11211133. PubMed ID: 28728459 doi:10.1177/0031512517720566

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4.

    Chen W, Hammond-Bennett A, Hypnar A, Mason S. Health-related physical fitness and physical activity in elementary school students. BMC Public Health. 2018;18(1):195. PubMed ID: 29378563 doi:10.1186/s12889-018-5107-4

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Chang N-J, Tsai I-H, Lee C-L, Liang C-H. Effect of a six-week core conditioning as a warm-up exercise in physical education classes on physical fitness, movement capability, and balance in school-aged children. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(15):5517. doi:10.3390/ijerph17155517

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Kubesch S, Walk L, Spitzer M, et al. . A 30 minute physical education program improves students’ executive attention. Mind Brain Educ. 2009;3(4):235242. doi:10.1111/j.1751-228X.2009.01076.x

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Mazzocco MM, Kover ST. A longitudinal assessment of executive function skills and their association with math performance. Child Neuropsychol. 2017;13(1):1845. PubMed ID: 17364562 doi:10.1080/09297040600611346

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Jarraya S, Wagner M, Jarraya M, Engel FA. 12 weeks of Kindergarten-based yoga practice increases visual attention, visual-motor precision and decreases behavior of inattention and hyperactivity in 5-year-old children. Front Psychol. 2019;10:796. PubMed ID: 31024412 doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00796

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Friedman NP, Haberstick BC, Willcutt EG, et al. . Greater attention problems during childhood predict poorer executive functioning in late adolescence. Psychol Sci. 2007;18(10):893900. PubMed ID: 17894607 doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01997.x

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Connor DF, Arnsten AF, Pearson GS, Greco GF. Guanfacine extended release for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2014;15(11):16011610. PubMed ID: 24992513 doi:10.1517/14656566.2014.930437

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Baddeley AD. Awards for distinguished scientific contributions is working memory still working? Am Psychol. 2001;56(11):851864. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.56.11.851

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Leppo ML, Davis D, Crim B. The basics of exercising the mind and body. Childh Educ. 2000;76(3):142147. doi:10.1080/00094056.2000.10522095

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Hillman CH, Snook EM, Jerome GJ. Acute cardiovascular exercise and executive control function. Int J Psychophysiol. 2003;48(3):307314. PubMed ID: 12798990 doi:10.1016/S0167-8760(03)00080-1

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14.

    Simon HA. Rationality in psychology and economics. J Bus. 1986;59(4):S209S224.

  • 15.

    Ison MS, Greco C, Korzeniowski CG, Morelato GS. Selective attention: a comparative study on Argentine students from different socioeconomic contexts. Elec J Res Educ Psychol. 2015;13:343368.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16.

    de Greeff JW, Bosker RJ, Oosterlaan J, Visscher C, Hartman E. Effects of physical activity on executive functions, attention and academic performance in preadolescent children: a meta-analysis. J Sci Med Sport. 2018;21(5):501507. PubMed ID: 29054748 doi:10.1016/j.jsams.2017.09.595

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17.

    Tine MT, Butler AG. (2012). Acute aerobic exercise impacts selective attention: an exceptional boost in lower-income children. Educ Psychol. 2012;32(7):821834. doi:10.1080/01443410.2012.723612

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18.

    Mezghanni N, Masmoudi L, Abdallah SB. Effect of play at recess on diurnal fluctuations in ability to refocus cognitively in pupils aged 11–12 years. Biol Rhythm Res. 2019;50(5):758768. doi:10.1080/09291016.2018.1498195

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19.

    Hillman CH, Pontifex MB, Raine LB, Castelli DM, Hall EE, Kramer AF. The effect of acute treadmill walking on cognitive control and academic achievement in preadolescent children. Neuroscience. 2009;159(3):10441054. doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2009.01.057

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20.

    Hill L, Williams JH, Aucott L, et al. . Exercising attention within the classroom. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2010;52(10):929934. PubMed ID: 20370813 doi:10.1111/j.1469-8749.2010.03661.x

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21.

    Gallotta MC, Emerenziani GP, Iazzoni S, Meucci M, Baldari C, Guidetti L. Impacts of coordinative training on normal weight and overweight/obese children’s attentional performance. Front Hum Neurosci. 2015;9:577. PubMed ID: 26578925 doi:10.3389/fnhum.2015.00577

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22.

    Vazou S, Pesce C, Lakes K, Smiley-Oyen A. More than one road leads to Rome: a narrative review and meta-analysis of physical activity intervention effects on cognition in youth. Int J Sport Exerc Psychol. 2019;17(2):153178. PubMed ID: 31289454 doi:10.1080/1612197X.2016.1223423

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23.

    Schmidt M, Jäger K, Egger F, Roebers CM, Conzelmann A. Cognitively engaging chronic physical activity, but not aerobic exercise, affects executive functions in primary school children: a group-randomized controlled trial. J Sport Exer Psychol. 2015;37(6):575591. PubMed ID: 26866766 doi:10.1123/jsep.2015-0069

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24.

    Rössler R, Donath L, Bizzini M, Faude O. A new injury prevention programme for children’s football—FIFA 11+ Kids—can improve motor performance: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. J Sports Sci. 2016;34(6):549556. PubMed ID: 26508531 doi:10.1080/02640414.2015.1099715

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25.

    Rössler R, Verhagen E, Rommers N, et al. . Comparison of the “11+ Kids” injury prevention programme and a regular warm up in children’s football (soccer): a cost effectiveness analysis. Br J Sports Med. 2019;53(5):309314. PubMed ID: 30131330 doi:10.1136/bjsports-2018-099395

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26.

    Rössler R, Junge A, Bizzini M, et al. . A multinational cluster randomised controlled trial to assess the efficacy of “11+ kids”: a warm-up programme to prevent injuries in children’s football. Sports Med. 2018;48(6):14931504. PubMed ID: 29273936 doi:10.1007/s40279-017-0834-8

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 27.

    Zarei M, Abbasi H, Daneshjoo A, et al. . The effect of the “11+ kids” on the isokinetic strength of young football players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2020;15(1):2530. doi:10.1123/ijspp.2018-0827

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 28.

    Pomares-Noguera C, Ayala F, Robles-Palazón FJ, et al. . Training effects of the FIFA 11+ kids on physical performance in youth football players: a randomized control trial. Front Pediatr. 2018;6:40. PubMed ID: 29556489 doi:10.3389/fped.2018.00040

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 29.

    Zarei M, Abbasi H, Namazi P, Asgari M, Rommers N, Rössler R. The 11+ Kids warm-up programme to prevent injuries in young Iranian male high-level football (soccer) players: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. J Sci Med Sport. 2020;23(5):469474. PubMed ID: 31859034 doi:10.1016/j.jsams.2019.12.001

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 30.

    Chen JL, Unnithan V, Kennedy C, Yeh CH. Correlates of physical fitness and activity in Taiwanese children. Int Nurs Rev. 2008;55(1):8188. PubMed ID: 18275540 doi:10.1111/j.1466-7657.2007.00588.x

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 31.

    Li YC, Wu SK, Cairney J, Hsieh CY. Motor coordination and health-related physical fitness of children with developmental coordination disorder: a three-year follow-up study. Res Dev Disabil. 2011;32(6):29933002. PubMed ID: 21632207 doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2011.04.009

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 32.

    Lin H-Y, Chou T-J. The development of an attention test for elementary school children. Bull Spec Educ. 2010;35:2953.

  • 33.

    Sohlberg MM, Mateer CA. Effectiveness of an attention-training program. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 1987;9(2):117130. PubMed ID: 3558744 doi:10.1080/01688638708405352

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 34.

    Sohlberg MM, Matter CA. Improving attention and managing attentional problems: adapting rehabilitation techniques to adults with ADHD. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2001;931(1):359375. PubMed ID: 11462753 doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2001.tb05790.x

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 35.

    Lai Y-J, Chang K-M. Improvement of attention in elementary school students through fixation focus training activity. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(13):4780. doi:10.3390/ijerph17134780

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 36.

    Yu W-H, Chiu E-C, Lin G-H, Lin H-Y, Hsueh I-P, Hsieh C-L. Test-retest agreement, random measurement error and practice effect of the attention scale for elementary school children. J Taiwan Occup Ther Assoc. 2015;33:2544.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 37.

    Hopkins WG, Marshall SW, Batterham AM, Hanin J. (2009). Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 41, 2009;41:312. PubMed ID: 19092709

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 38.

    Fisher A, Boyle JM, Paton JY, et al. . Effects of a physical education intervention on cognitive function in young children: randomized controlled pilot study. BMC Pediatr. 2015;11(1):97. PubMed ID: 22034850 doi:10.1186/1471-2431-11-97

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 39.

    Hillman CH, Pontifex MB, Castelli DM, et al. . Effects of the FITKids randomized controlled trial on executive control and brain function. Pediatr. 2014;134(4):e1063e1071. PubMed ID: 25266425 doi:10.1542/peds.2013-3219

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 40.

    Etnier JL, Salazar W, Landers DM, Petruzzello SJ, Han M, Nowell P. The influence of physical fitness and exercise upon cognitive functioning: a meta-analysis. J Sport Exer Psychol. 1997;19(3):249277. doi:10.1123/jsep.19.3.249

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 469 469 129
Full Text Views 8 8 0
PDF Downloads 7 7 0