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Background: This study examined associations between sociodemographic factors and meeting versus not meeting the new Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines recommendations. Methods: The study is based on 7651 respondents aged 18–79 years from the 2007 to 2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey, a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey. Sociodemographic factors included age, sex, household education, household income, race, having a chronic condition, smoking status, alcohol consumption, and body mass index. Participants were classified as meeting or not meeting each of the time-specific recommendations for moderate to vigorous physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep duration. Results: Being an adult aged 18–64 years, normal weight, nonsmoker, and not having a chronic condition were associated with meeting the integrated guidelines. Being aged 18–64 years, male, normal weight, nonsmoker, not having a chronic condition, having a higher household education, and higher household income were associated with meeting the moderate to vigorous physical activity recommendation; being aged 18–64 years was associated with meeting the sedentary behavior recommendation; and being white, not having a chronic condition, and having a higher household income were associated with meeting the sleep duration recommendation. Conclusions: Few Canadian adults met the 2020 Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines, and disparities across sociodemographic factors exist. Implementation strategies and dissemination approaches to encourage uptake and adoption are necessary.
Rollo, Chaput, and Tremblay are with the Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, ON, Canada; and Faculty of Medicine, School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada. Roberts and Bang are with the Centre for Surveillance and Applied Research, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada. Carson is with the Faculty of Kinesiology, Sport, and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada. Chaput and Tremblay are also with the Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada; and Department of Health Sciences, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada. Colley is with the Health Analysis Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada. Janssen is with the School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada; and Department of Public Health Sciences, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada.