Sociodemographic Factors Associated With Meeting the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines Among Adults: Findings From the Canadian Health Measures Survey

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
Restricted access

Background: This study examined associations between sociodemographic factors and meeting versus not meeting the new Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines recommendations. Methods: The study is based on 7651 respondents aged 18–79 years from the 2007 to 2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey, a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey. Sociodemographic factors included age, sex, household education, household income, race, having a chronic condition, smoking status, alcohol consumption, and body mass index. Participants were classified as meeting or not meeting each of the time-specific recommendations for moderate to vigorous physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep duration. Results: Being an adult aged 18–64 years, normal weight, nonsmoker, and not having a chronic condition were associated with meeting the integrated guidelines. Being aged 18–64 years, male, normal weight, nonsmoker, not having a chronic condition, having a higher household education, and higher household income were associated with meeting the moderate to vigorous physical activity recommendation; being aged 18–64 years was associated with meeting the sedentary behavior recommendation; and being white, not having a chronic condition, and having a higher household income were associated with meeting the sleep duration recommendation. Conclusions: Few Canadian adults met the 2020 Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines, and disparities across sociodemographic factors exist. Implementation strategies and dissemination approaches to encourage uptake and adoption are necessary.

Rollo, Chaput, and Tremblay are with the Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, ON, Canada; and Faculty of Medicine, School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada. Roberts and Bang are with the Centre for Surveillance and Applied Research, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada. Carson is with the Faculty of Kinesiology, Sport, and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada. Chaput and Tremblay are also with the Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada; and Department of Health Sciences, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada. Colley is with the Health Analysis Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada. Janssen is with the School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada; and Department of Public Health Sciences, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada.

Rollo (arollo@cheo.on.ca) is corresponding author.

Supplementary Materials

    • Supplementary Table S1 (PDF 129 KB)
    • Supplementary Table S2 (PDF 203 KB)
    • Supplementary Table S3 (PDF 205 KB)
  • 1.

    Ross R, Chaput JP, Giangregorio LM, et al. Canadian 24-hour movement guidelines for adults aged 18–64 years and adults aged 65 years or older: an integration of physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and sleep. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2020;45(10)(suppl 2):S57S102. doi:10.1139/apnm-2020-0467

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee. 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Scientific Report. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services; 2018.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Chaput JP, Dutil C, Featherstone R, et al. Sleep duration and health in adults: an overview of systematic reviews. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2020;45(10)(suppl 2):S218S231. doi:10.1139/apnm-2020-0034

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4.

    Saunders TJ, McIsaac T, Douillette K, et al. Sedentary behaviour and health in adults: an overview of systematic reviews. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2020;45(10)(suppl 2):S197S217. doi:10.1139/apnm-2020-0272

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Rollo S, Antsygina O, Tremblay MS. The whole day matters: understanding 24-hour movement guideline adherence and relationships with health indicators across the lifespan. J Sport Health Sci. 2020;9(6):493510. PubMed ID: 32711156 doi:10.1016/j.jshs.2020.07.004

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Tremblay MS, Carson V, Chaput JP, et al. Canadian 24-hour movement guidelines for children and youth: an integration of physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and sleep. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016;41(6)(suppl 3):S311S327. doi:10.1139/apnm-2016-0151

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Tremblay MS, Chaput JP, Adamo KB, et al. Canadian 24-hour movement guidelines for the early years (0–4 years): an integration of physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and sleep. BMC Public Health. 2017;17(5):874. doi:10.1186/s12889-017-4859-6

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Rollo S, Roberts KC, Bang F, et al. Health associations with meeting the Canadian 24-hour movement guidelines for adults: results from the Canadian health measures survey. Health Rep. 2022;33(1):1626. PubMed ID: 35050558 doi:10.25318/82-003-x202200100002-eng

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Chaput JP, Wong SL, Michaud I. Duration and quality of sleep among Canadians aged 18 to 79. Health Rep. 2017;28(9):2833. PubMed ID: 28930365

  • 10.

    Clarke J, Colley R, Janssen I, Tremblay MS. Accelerometer-measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity of Canadian adults, 2007 to 2017. Health Rep. 2019;30(8):310. PubMed ID: 31454407

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Herman KM, Saunders TJ. Sedentary behaviours among adults across Canada. Can J Public Health. 2016;107(4):e438e446. doi:10.17269/CJPH.107.5587

  • 12.

    Tremblay MS, Connor Gorber S. Canadian health measures survey. Can J Public Health. 2007;98(6):453456. PubMed ID: 19039881 doi:10.1007/BF03405437

  • 13.

    Colley RC, Garriguet D, Janssen I, Craig CL, Clarke J, Tremblay MS. Physical activity of Canadian children and youth: accelerometer results from the 2007 to 2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey. Health Rep. 2011;22(1):15. PubMed ID: 21510586

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14.

    Wong SL, Colley RC, Connor Gorber S, Tremblay MS. Actical accelerometer sedentary activity thresholds for adults. J Phys Act Health. 2011;8(4):587591. PubMed ID: 21597132 doi:10.1123/jpah.8.4.587

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15.

    Puyau MR, Adolph AL, Vohra FA, Zakeri I, Butte NF. Prediction of activity energy expenditure using accelerometers in children. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004;36(9):16251631. PubMed ID: 15354047 doi:10.1249/01.MSS.0000139898.30804.60

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16.

    Colley RC, Tremblay MS. Moderate and vigorous physical activity intensity cut-points for the actical accelerometer. J Sports Sci. 2011;29(8):783789. PubMed ID: 21424979 doi:10.1080/02640414.2011.557744

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17.

    Statistics Canada. Instructions for Combining Multiple Cycles of Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) Data. 2019. https://www.statcan.gc.ca/eng/statistical-programs/document/5071_D4_T9_V2

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18.

    Statistics Canada. Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) Data User Guide: Cycle 1. Ottawa, Canada: Statistics Canada; 2011.

  • 19.

    Prince SA, Melvin A, Roberts KC, Butler GP, Thompson W. Sedentary behaviour surveillance in Canada: trends, challenges and lessons learned. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2020;17(1):121. doi:10.1186/s12966-020-00925-8

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20.

    Liangruenrom N, Dumuid D, Craike M, Biddle SJH, Pedisic Z. Trends and correlates of meeting 24-hour movement guidelines: a 15-year study among 167,577 Thai adults. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2020;17(1):106. PubMed ID: 32838796 doi:10.1186/s12966-020-01011-9

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21.

    Azagba S, Asbridge M. Nicotine dependence matters: examining longitudinal association between smoking and physical activity among Canadian adults. Prev Med. 2013;57(5):652657. PubMed ID: 23994713 doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.08.020

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22.

    Azagba S, Sharaf MF. Physical inactivity among older Canadian adults. J Phys Act Health. 2014;11(1):99108. PubMed ID: 23249997 doi:10.1123/jpah.2011-0305

  • 23.

    Shuval K, Li Q, Gabriel KP, Tchernis R. Income, physical activity, sedentary behavior, and the “weekend warrior” among US adults. Prev Med. 2017;103:9197. PubMed ID: 28802654 doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.07.033

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24.

    Johnson DA, Jackson CL, Williams NJ, Alcantara C. Are sleep patterns influenced by race/ethnicity—a marker of relative advantage or disadvantage? Evidence to date. Nat Sci Sleep. 2019;11:7995. PubMed ID: 31440109 doi:10.2147/NSS.S169312

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25.

    Froehlich-Grobe K, Jones D, Businelle MS, Kendzor DE, Balasubramanian BA. Impact of disability and chronic conditions on health. Disabil Health J. 2016;9(4):600608. PubMed ID: 27216441 doi:10.1016/j.dhjo.2016.04.007

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26.

    Dale LP, LeBlanc AG, Orr K, et al. Canadian physical activity guidelines for adults: are Canadians aware? Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016;41(9):10081011. PubMed ID: 27560541 doi:10.1139/apnm-2016-0115

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 27.

    LeBlanc AG, Berry T, Deshpande S, et al. Knowledge and awareness of Canadian physical activity and sedentary behaviour guidelines: a synthesis of existing evidence. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2015;40(7):716724. PubMed ID: 26099846 doi:10.1139/apnm-2014-0464

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 28.

    Tomasone JR, Kauffeldt KD, Morgan TL, et al. Dissemination and implementation of national physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and/or sleep guidelines among community-dwelling adults aged 18 years and older: a systematic scoping review and suggestions for future reporting and research. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2020;45(10)(suppl 3):S258S283. doi:10.1139/apnm-2020-0251

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 29.

    Faught E, Walters AJ, Latimer-Cheung AE, et al. Optimal messaging of the Canadian 24-hour movement guidelines for adults aged 18–64 years and adults aged 65 years and older. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2020;45(10)(suppl 2):S125S150. doi:10.1139/apnm-2020-0494

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 2113 2113 406
Full Text Views 60 60 4
PDF Downloads 85 85 6