Household Food Insecurity Is Associated With Physical Activity in Youth and Young Adults With Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Lauren A. Reid South College, Atlanta, GA, USA
University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

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Marco Geraci University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

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Jason A. Mendoza Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center, Seattle, WA, USA
Seattle Children’s Research Institute, Seattle, WA, USA

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Anwar T. Merchant University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

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Beth A. Reboussin Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA

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Russell R. Pate University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

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Lawrence M. Dolan University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA

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Katherine A. Sauder University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA

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Eva Lustigova Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Pasadena, CA, USA

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Grace Kim University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA

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Angela D. Liese Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

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Background: Physical activity (PA) is essential for optimal diabetes management. Household food insecurity (HFI) may negatively affect diabetes management behaviors. The purpose of this study was to cross-sectionally examine the association between HFI and PA in youth and young adults (YYA) with type 1 (N = 1998) and type 2 (N = 391) diabetes from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Methods: HFI was measured with the US Household Food Security Survey Module. PA was measured with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form. Walking, moderate-intensity PA (excluding walking), vigorous-intensity PA, moderate- to vigorous-intensity PA, and total PA were estimated as minutes per week, while time spent sitting was assessed in minutes per day. All were modeled with median regression. Meeting PA guidelines or not was modeled using logistic regression. Results: YYA with type 1 diabetes who experienced HFI spent more time walking than those who were food secure. YYA with type 2 diabetes who experienced HFI spent more time sitting than those who were food secure. Conclusions: Future research should examine walking for leisure versus other domains of walking in relation to HFI and use objective PA measures to corroborate associations between HFI and PA in YYA with diabetes.

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