Examination of Physical Activity, Organized Sport, and Sitting Time Among Women and Mothers From Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Backgrounds

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Susan Paudel Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, Australia

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Gita D. Mishra School of Public Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia

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Jenny Veitch Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, Australia

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Gregore I. Mielke School of Public Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia

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Kylie D. Hesketh Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, Australia

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Background: Little evidence is available from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities on the association between motherhood and physical activity (PA). This study aimed to examine independent and joint associations of cultural background and motherhood with meeting PA guidelines, participation in organized sports, and high sitting time (>8 h/d). Methods: We used self-reported cross-sectional data from survey 8 of the 1973–1978 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health. PA was measured using the Active Australia Survey while organized sport and sitting time were measured using single items. CALD was defined as being born in a non-English speaking country or primarily speaking a non-English language at home. Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression analyses were used to examine independent and joint associations. Results: Data from 5967 women (mean age 42.4 [SD 1.5] y, 6.9% CALD, 81.2% mothers) were analyzed. Women of CALD background had lower odds of meeting PA guidelines (odds ratio; 95% confidence interval: 0.80; 0.64–0.98) and participation in organized sports (0.68; 0.54–0.86), but no statistically significant association with sitting time (0.90; 0.72–1.14). Mothers had lower odds of meeting PA guidelines (0.75; 0.64–0.87) and high sitting time (0.42; 0.36–0.49). Compared with non-CALD women without children, mothers (irrespective of cultural background) were less likely to meet PA guidelines and have high sitting time. The association of “cultural background and motherhood” with organized sports participation was only significant for CALD mothers. Conclusions: Increased efforts and investments are needed to ensure that sports and other PA promotion interventions are culturally sensitive and engaging for CALD women and those with children.

Mishra https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9610-5904

Veitch https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8962-0887

Mielke https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3043-2715

Hesketh https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2702-7110

Paudel (susan.paudel@deakin.edu.au) is corresponding author, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7536-9476

Paudel is now at the Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne Burwood Campus, Burwood, VIC, Australia.

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