Associations Between Demographic, Perceptual, and Behavioral Factors and Support for Policies Encouraging Active Transport

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Kristiann C. Heesch
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Jennifer L. Han
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Background:

Policies that encourage physical activity are recommended to increase physical activity rates. Few studies have examined public support for such policies. The aim of this study was to assess support for policies that may increase active transport and correlates of this support.

Methods:

A telephone survey was administered to 460 Oklahoma residents.

Results:

Most respondents supported policies that may encourage walking and bicycling for transport. Most favored the improvement of public transportation over building new roads to address transportation concerns. In multivariate models, a positive attitude toward walking was the only variable significantly associated with support for most policy outcomes (p < 0.05). Participation in active commuting and a positive attitude toward bicycling were correlates of strong support for the creation of bike ways (p < 0.05).

Conclusions:

Experience with active commuting and positive attitudes toward walking and bicycling are associated with support for policies that may encourage walking and bicycling for transport.

Heesch is with the School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. Han is with the Dept of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019.

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