The study aimed to compare the effectiveness of a class-based (CB) and home-based (HB) exercise program for older adults with chronic health conditions.
172 sedentary older adults with overweight or obesity, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, or osteoarthritis were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial with a 3-month follow-up.
A significant increase was seen in the CB group in the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) scores and SF-12 Physical and Mental Health scores. In both groups, significant increases were seen in 6-minute walk distance, Physical Performance Test (PPT), and Functional Fitness Test (FFT), and significant reductions were seen in systolic and diastolic blood pressure but not body mass index or waist circumference. Except for a greater increment in the FFT in the CB group, the degree of improvement was not significantly different between the 2 groups.
After a 3-month intervention, both the CB and HB program produced comparable significant improvements in outcome measures.
Reeder, Pahwa, and Hossain are with the Dept of Community Health and Epidemiology, Chad, Fisher, and Quinn the College of Kinesiology, and Harrison the School of Physical Therapy, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E5, Canada. Ashworth is with the Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T5G 0B7, Canada. Sheppard is with the Saskatoon Health Region, Royal University Hospital, Saskatoon, SK S7N 0W8, Canada. Bruner is with the School of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada.