Predictors of Physical Activity in the Transition After High School Among Young Women

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
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The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with physical activity (PA) in women during the first year following high school.


Females from 22 high schools (n = 915) completed the 3-Day Physical Activity Recall in 12th grade and reported if they were sports participants. After graduation, 305 women (18.9 ± 0.6 years) completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. They reported time spent per day in moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and vigorous PA (VPA) for the previous week. Multiple logistic regression was used to predict postgraduate PA.


The odds of being in the high-active group were greater in women who were sports participants (OR = 1.93) in 12th grade. The odds of being in the high-active group were greater among white women (OR = 2.09) and greater among currently employed women compared with unemployed women (OR = 5.57). MVPA had borderline significance in the regression model.


Sports participation and being currently employed predicted physical activity at postgraduation.

Horn is with the Dept of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, CHSPR Fellow, Durham, NC 27701. O’Neill, Dowda, and Pate are with the Dept of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208. Pfeiffer is with the Dept of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824.