Physical Fitness of Rural Children Compared With Urban Children in North Cyprus: A Normative Study

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
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Background:

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of environmental factors on physical fitness of rural and urban children.

Methods:

To reveal the differences between physical fitness of children living in urban and rural districts of the Turkish Cypriot population, 3939 nine- to eleven-year-old male primary school children from 90 schools of North Cyprus were tested. Testing procedures were similar to the Eurofit tests.

Results:

The results showed that body mass index and skinfold thicknesses were higher in the urban children (P < .05). Differences in cardiopulmonary and motor fitness were also found between groups. In addition, flexibility and muscle endurance were significantly higher in the rural children.

Conclusion:

The significantly lower flexibility, muscle endurance, and strength of urban children might indicate a lower habitual physical activity level.

The authors are with the Dept of Physical Education and Sport, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus 23, Cyprus.