Epidemiology of Leisure, Transportation, Occupational, and Household Physical Activity: Prevalence and Associated Factors

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
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To estimate the prevalence of and identify factors associated with physical activity in leisure, transportation, occupational, and household settings.


This was a cross-sectional study aimed at investigating living and health conditions among the population of São Paulo, Brazil. Data on 1318 adults aged 18 to 65 years were used. To assess physical activity, the long version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire was applied. Multivariate analysis was conducted using a hierarchical model.


The greatest prevalence of insufficient activity related to transportation (91.7%), followed by leisure (77.5%), occupational (68.9%), and household settings (56.7%). The variables associated with insufficient levels of physical activity in leisure were female sex, older age, low education level, nonwhite skin color, smoking, and self-reported poor health; in occupational settings were female sex, white skin color, high education level, self-reported poor health, nonsmoking, and obesity; in transportation settings were female sex; and in household settings, with male sex, separated, or widowed status and high education level.


Physical activity in transportation and leisure settings should be encouraged. This study will serve as a reference point in monitoring different types of physical activities and implementing public physical activity policies in developing countries.

Florindo and Guimarães are with the School of Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Cesar is with the Dept of Epidemiology, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Barros is with the Dept of Preventive and Social Medicine, State University of Campinas, Brazil. Alves is with the Sao Paulo State Health Institute, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Goldbaum is with the Dept of Preventive Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.