The aim of this review is to provide a scientific update on the current guidelines for both health and weight management. There has been confusion among health professionals as to which physical activity guidelines should be used to help various specific populations adopt more active lifestyles. We first review the history of the physical activity guidelines. Using the physical activity guidelines in clinical practice is also explored. We also describe common barriers to physical that overweight individuals report and we discuss when it is appropriate for a health care professional to seek a referral from an exercise scientist to help sedentary adults increase their levels of activity. It is important for individuals who care for overweight patients and sedentary adults to understand the current physical guidelines and how these guidelines can be worked into clinical practice.
Andersen is a Canada Research Chair with the Dept of Kinesiology and Physical Education and the Dept of Medicine at McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Jakicic is with the Dept of Health and Physical Activity, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and is the Director of the Physical Activity and Weight Management Research Center.