Test-Retest Repeatability and Relative Validity of the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire in a Developing Country Context

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
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The increasing prevalence of chronic lifestyle diseases in developing countries warrants reliable and valid surveillance of physical activity levels in the population. This study assesses the test-retest repeatability and criterion validity of the WHO-recommended Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) in Vietnamese adults during the dry and wet seasons.


In 2007 a representative sample of 169 adults (25-64 years) was recruited to determine the GPAQ reliability and validity. GPAQ assesses time and intensity of physical activities spent during a usual week. To assess short and long term reliability, participants completed the GPAQ twice during the dry season 2 weeks apart and again 2 months later during the wet season. For validation purposes, participants wore an accelerometer during the 7 days before the first and last GPAQ assessments.


The total GPAQ score showed repeatability correlations of 0.69 after 2 weeks and of 0.55 after 2 months. Total GPAQ score and accelerometer data showed validity correlations of 0.34 and 0.20 in the dry and wet season, respectively. There was a difference in physical activity patterns between the dry and wet seasons.


GPAQ is suitable for surveillance of physical activity among adults in Vietnam.

Trinh, van der Ploeg, and Bauman are with the Centre for Physical Activity and Health, University of Sydney, Australia. Nguyen is with the Faculty of Public Health, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of HochiMinh City, Viet Nam. Dibley is with the The George Institute for International Health, University of Sydney, Australia.