Levels and Patterns of Physical Activity in Children and Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes and Associated Metabolic and Physiologic Health Outcomes

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Click name to view affiliation

Sarah Edmunds
Search for other papers by Sarah Edmunds in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Denise Roche
Search for other papers by Denise Roche in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Gareth Stratton
Search for other papers by Gareth Stratton in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Background:

The current study objectively assessed physical activity (PA) levels and patterns in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes and compared the metabolic and physiologic health profiles of those achieving and those not achieving the current recommendation of 60 minutes a day (minutes·D−1) of at least moderate intensity PA.

Method:

37 children and adolescents (20 boys, 17 girls) aged 12.7 ± 2.1 years (mean ± SD), disease duration 5.9 ± 3.0 years participated. PA was assessed using heart rate monitoring. Peak VO2, BMI, sum of 5 skinfolds, HbA1c, and daily insulin dosage were also determined.

Results:

Mean accumulated time in moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA was 53.6 ± 31.4 minutes·D−1. Levels of vigorous-intensity PA were low, mean 8.3 ± 10.2 minutes·D−1. When controlling for age, no differences in metabolic or physiologic health outcomes were evident between those individuals achieving, and those not achieving, 60 minutes·D−1 of moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA. PA predominantly occurred in short bouts lasting 5 minutes or less.

Conclusion:

The efficacy of accumulating 60 minutes·D−1 of moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA, in the form of short duration, intermittent bouts of largely unplanned PA, to promote health gains in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes is questionable.

Edmunds is with the Dept of Psychology, University of Westminster, London, UK. Roche is with the Dept of Sport and Exercise Science, Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, UK. Stratton is with the Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 1514 648 125
Full Text Views 11 2 1
PDF Downloads 15 5 3