Primary care providers are expected to provide lifestyle counseling, yet many barriers exist. Few studies report on adoption and implementation in routine practice. This study reports training, adoption, and implementation of an intervention to promote physical activity (PA) and dietary counseling in community health centers.
Providers (n = 30) and nurses (n = 28) from 9 clinics were invited to participate. Adopters completed CD-ROM training in stage-matched, patient-centered counseling and goal setting. Encounters were audio recorded. A subsample was coded for fidelity.
Fifty-seven percent of providers and nurses adopted the program. Provider counseling was seen in 66% and nurse goal setting in 58% of participant (N = 266) encounters, although audio recordings were lower. Duration of provider counseling and nurse goal setting was 4.9 ± 4.5 and 7.3 ± 3.8 minutes, respectively. Most PA (80%) and diet (94%) goals were stage-appropriate. Although most providers discussed at least 1 behavioral topic, some topics (eg, self-efficacy, social support) were rarely covered.
A sizeable percentage of providers and nurses completed training, rated it favorably, and delivered lifestyle counseling, although with variable fidelity. With low implementation cost and limited office time required, this model has the potential to be disseminated to improve counseling rates in primary care.
Wilcox is with the Dept of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. Parra-Medina is with the Institute for Health Promotion Research, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, TX. Felton is with the College of Nursing, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. Poston is with the Dept of Internal Medicine, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC. McClain is with the Dept of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, and the Dept of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.