Spatial and Social Factors Associated With Transportation and Recreational Physical Activity Among Adults in Hat Yai City, Songkhla, Thailand

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
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Background:

Transportation physical activity (TPA) and recreational physical activity (RPA) in an urban area can be sources of physical activity (PA) in addition to working. This study was conducted in Hat Yai City Municipality, the fourth most populous city in Thailand, to describe the magnitude of these physical activities and identify their associated factors.

Methods:

369 adults were selected from a random sampling of registered households. Based on the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ), subjects were interviewed on their modes of TPA and RPA during the past week. Hurdle regression was used to examine predictors for having PA separately from predictor of intensity of PA among the active. Metabolic equivalent (MET) of TPA and RPA were computed.

Results:

Prevalence of not having TPA and RPA were 71.3% and 45.8%, respectively. TPA and RPA contributed 1.5% and 9.2% of total PA. Active commuters were more common in females 40 or more years old, less sedentary persons, and those living near shopping places. Persons having RPA were more likely to be less sedentary, whereas the intensity of RPA was higher among single persons and males.

Conclusion:

TPA and RPA in this study area were uncommon. Further strategies are needed to improve the situation, especially among sedentary persons.

Churangsarit is with the Dept of Public Health and Environment, Division of Health Promotion, Hat Yai City Municipality, Hat Yai, Thailand. Chongsuvivatwong is with the Epidemiology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand.