Evidence suggests that Latina women appear to be less physically active than women of other racial/ethnic groups. This study evaluated how different domains of physical activity (PA) contributed to overall levels of PA among low-income Latinas, the validity of Latinas’ self-reported PA, and potential moderators of self-report bias in PA.
A community sample of 105 Latinas (mean age = 35.9 ± 9.0 years; mean body mass index = 31.6 ± 7.2) completed the long form Spanish-language version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), wore an accelerometer for seven days, and completed self-reported measures of acculturation and socioeconomic status.
Ninety-six percent of IPAQ-reported moderate-intensity PA (MPA) was accrued during household activities, with only 4% accrued during leisure time. Seventy-two percent of participants met national recommendations for PA using IPAQ data, but only 20% met recommendations when measured by accelerometer. When bouts of MPA lasting >10 min were included, 0% met recommendations. Age appeared to moderate self-report bias of vigorous PA, and there were nonsignificant trends for acculturation and income to moderate MPA and vigorous-intensity PA, respectively.
Data suggest that it is important to measure household activity of Latinas, and that the IPAQ yield overestimates of self-report PA.
Nicaise is with the Sport et Environnement Social Laboratory, University of Grenoble 1, Grenoble Cedex 9, France, and the Dept of Exercise & Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA. Marshall is with the Dept of Exercise & Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA. Ainsworth is with the Dept of Exercise and Wellness, Arizona State University–Polytechnic Campus, Mesa, AZ.