Reliability Testing of the Pedestrian and Bicycling Survey (PABS) Method

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
Restricted access


The Pedestrian and Bicycling Survey (PABS) is a questionnaire designed to be economical and straightforward to administer so that it can be used by local governments interested in measuring the amount and purposes of walking and cycling in their communities. In addition, it captures key sociodemographic characteristics of those participating in these activities.


In 2009 and 2010 results from the 4-page mail-out/mail-back PABS were tested for reliability across 2 administrations (test-retest reliability). Two versions—early and refined—were tested separately with 2 independent groups of university students from 4 universities (N = 100 in group 1; N = 87 in group 2). Administrations were 7 to 9 days apart.


Almost all survey questions achieved adequate to excellent reliability.


Transportation surveys have not typically been tested for reliability making the PABS questionnaire an important new option for improving information collection about travel behavior, particularly walking and cycling.

Forsyth is with the Dept of City and Regional Planning, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY. Krizek and Stonebraker are with the College of Architecture and Planning, University of Colorado, Denver, CO. Agrawal is with the Mineta Transportation Institute, San José State University, San José, CA.