Influence of Moderate, Daily Physical Activity On Body Composition and Blood Lipid Profile in Swedish Adults

in Journal of Physical Activity and Health
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Background:

Health organizations suggest that adults ought to engage in at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity daily physical activity. This study investigated the effects of a 30-minute single daily bout of brisk walking upon risk factors for coronary heart disease with blood lipid profile in particular.

Methods:

Thirty-three (25–45 y) adults, were randomly assigned into an exercise group (EG; n = 16, 9w) and a control group (CG; n = 17, 6w). The EG walked briskly 30 minutes daily during the 3-week test period. Compliance/adherence was maximal throughout the 3-week intervention due to stringent daily monitoring.

Results:

The EG showed a significant decrease in concentrations of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC) during the intervention period. A significant inverse correlation between Δ energy expenditure/day and Δ LDL-C (r = –0.39, P < .05) and an improvement in weight and BMI in the EG was found. Average steps during 30 minutes brisk walking bout was 3669 steps/bout generating a mean energy expenditure of 191 kcal/ bout.

Conclusions:

The most unique findings were that daily single bouts of moderate-intensity physical activity for 30 minutes, during 3 weeks, induced favorable effects upon body weight, BMI, and blood concentration of LDL-C and TC in healthy adults.

Pagels and Alricsson are with the School of Sport Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden. Raustorp is with the School of Sport Sciences, Linnaeus University, Sweden and the Dept of Nutrition and Sport Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Archer is with the Dept of Psychology, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden. Lidman is with the Dept of Natural Science, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.