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Enhancing Self-efficacy in High-avoidance Motor Tasks: A Comparison of Modeling Techniques

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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  • 1 The Pennsylvania State University
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This study investigated the effectiveness of participant, live, and videotape modeling on the learning of a high-avoidance springboard-diving task (back dive). The effectiveness of each form of modeling upon the strength of self-efficacy also was investigated. In accord with Bandura's (1977) self-efficacy theory, it was hypothesized that the participant-modeling group would perform more correct back dives and would show stronger efficacy expectations compared to the live-modeling group which in turn would perform better on these measures than the videotape group. Results indicated that the participant-modeling treatment produced more successful dives and stronger expectations of personal efficacy than either the live-modeling or videotaped-modeling treatments. The hypothesis that students in the live-modeling condition would perform better behaviorally and show stronger efficacy expectations than students in the videotape condition was not supported.

Appreciation is extended to Diane Mazur for assistance in data collection, and to Donna Landers for her advice and criticism on an early draft of this manuscript.

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