Psychological Characteristics of Successful and Nonsuccessful Elite Wrestlers: An Exploratory Study

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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  • 1 University of Western Ontario
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Elite wrestlers (N = 39) were given a standardized questionnaire during final competition for positions on three Canadian World Wrestling teams. The questionnaire specifically focused upon psychological factors affecting both their training and competition. For data analysis, questionnaire items were combined into 17 factors. Both t-tests and simple discriminant function analyses for qualifier/nonqualifier competitive status revealed that self-confidence was the most important factor distinguishing the two groups. For the discriminant function analysis, Imagery and Factors Affecting Performance were the only factors which did not contribute to group differences. Explanations and implications of these results for sport psychology are discussed.

Portions of this study were presented at the meeting of the Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology, Toronto, November, 1978. This study was funded by the Canadian Amateur Wrestling Association and the Department of Physical Education at the University of Western Ontario. Requests for reprints should be sent to Pamela S. Highlen, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5C2 Canada.

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