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The Modification of the Quality and Quantity of Behavior Categories in a Swimming Coach

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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  • 1 Lakehead University
  • | 2 Nova Scotia Teachers' College
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Experimental procedures were implemented in a competitive swimming training situation in order to change the repertoire, quality, and quantity of several behavior categories in a coach. A multiple baseline design was used for scientific verification. Self-recording techniques were instituted for rewarding, providing feedback, and providing feedback after first having rewarded a swimmer. The repertoire of behaviors in these categories was increased through the provision of discriminative stimuli on self-recording sheets. Fading schedules were successfully used to reduce the subject's reliance on the prompt sheets. Rates of occurrence of the target behaviors served as a reinforcing procedure for increasing the emission frequencies. A leaning of reinforcement produced a persistent change in the scope and quantity of the behaviors. Pre- and postexperimental behavior analyses using the Coach Observation Schedule indicated that the affected changes also produced concomitant changes in other behavioral categories.

Reprints may be obtained by writing Dr. B. S. Rushall, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay ‘P', Ontario, Canada P7B 5E1.

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