Children's Anxiety in Sport and Nonsport Evaluative Activities

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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  • 1 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
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Comparisons of pre-event state anxiety (A-state) were made among 9- to 14-year-old boys participating in required school activities (classroom tests and physical education class), nonrequired nonsport activities (band solos and band group competition), and nonschool sports (baseball, basketball, football, gymnastics, hockey, swimming, and wrestling). Participants in all three groups were significantly different from each other with those in the nonrequired nonsport activities manifesting the highest A-state levels followed by boys in the nonschool sports and then those in the required school activities. Comparisons across sports revealed higher A-states among individual sport participants than team sport participants. No differences were found between contact and noncontact sport participants, but a significant interaction showed that the highest A-states were reported among those in individual-contact sports and the lowest in team-contact sports. The differences in A-state levels among the activities studied were discussed in terms of the evaluation potential existing in each activity.

This investigation was completed by the first author in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Ph.D. degree at the University of Illinois, 1977, under the supervision of the second author. The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Daniel Gould, Judy Kennedy, Douglas Linder, and Kathleen Haywood in assisting with data collection.

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