Validation of a Conceptual Model Characterizing Attention among International Rifle Shooters

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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Information is presented on the development and validation of a unique multidimensional, sport-specific model of attention among 71 world-class and/or potential world-class international rifle shooters. It was postulated that attention possesses five relatively independent subcomponent factors: capacity, duration, flexibility, intensivity, and selectivity. A 25-item, five-subscale questionnaire, the Riflery Attention Questionnaire (RAQ), was systematically developed utilizing Goldberg's intuitive-rational strategy as well as Jackson's general test-item development approach. Factor analysis and item analyses performed on each subscale generally supported the factor integrity of the model. A step-wise multiple regression analysis was also conducted to determine the extent to which subjects' RAQ responses predicted their shooting performance. A low positive relationship between the two was noted.

This research was submitted as a thesis in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Physical Education at West Virginia University and was conducted under the direction of Dr. Andrew C. Ostrow. The study was supported by a grant-in-aid from the National Rifle Association of America, 1600 Rhode Island Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. Reprint requests should be sent to Edward F. etzel, School of Physical Education, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26505.

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