Perceptions of Arousal and Awareness of Physiological Responding Prior to and after Running 20 Kilometers

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD $24.95

Student 1 year subscription

USD $84.00

1 year subscription

USD $111.00

Student 2 year subscription

USD $159.00

2 year subscription

USD $208.00

This study was designed to investigate runners' perceptions of arousal and awareness of physiological responding before and after a 20-kilometer (12.4- mile) race. Participants (N = 98) completed pre- and postquestionnaires that included measures of awareness of physiological responding and self-defined states of activation and arousal. In order to identify those variables related to performance, the finishers were divided into three groups: fast, moderate, and slow. A discriminant analysis revealed that miles run in training each week, resting pulse rate, and weight were the best predictors of group membership. Of the several psychological variables, only prerace tension discriminated between the groups, with the faster runners reporting themselves as more fearful and “clutched-up” before the race. In terms of pre-post physiological and psychological effects, it was found that running 20 kilometers resulted in a significant, increased awareness of physiological responding, increased feelings of being tired and relaxed, and decreased feelings of tension and energy. These findings are discussed in terms of their implications for future research.

The authors would like to thank members of the Hattiesburg Track Club for their help with this study. Requests for reprints and copies of the measures used in the study should be sent to James G. Hollandsworth, Department of Counseling Psychology, University of Southern Mississippi, Box 8272 Southern Station, Hattiesburg, MS 39401.

Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Article Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 4 4 0
Full Text Views 1 1 0
PDF Downloads 2 2 0
Altmetric Badge
PubMed
Google Scholar
Cited By