Physical Activity Participation: Social Cognitive Theory versus the Theories of Reasoned Action and Planned Behavior

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year subscription

USD  $84.00

1 year subscription

USD  $111.00

Student 2 year subscription

USD  $159.00

2 year subscription

USD  $208.00

Social cognitive theory and the theories of reasoned action and planned behavior were examined in the prediction of 4 weeks of physical activity participation. The theories of reasoned action and planned behavior were supported. Attitude and perceived control predicted intention, and intention predicted physical activity participation. The social cognitive theory variables significantly predicted physical activity participation, with self-efficacy and self-evaluation of the behavior significantly contributing to the prediction. The greater the confidence in participating in physical activity and the greater the satisfaction with present physical activity, the more physical activity performed. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that perceived control and intentions did not account for any unique variation in physical activity participation over self-efficacy. Therefore the social cognitive theory constructs were better predictors of physical activity than those from the theories of reasoned action and planned behavior.

David A. Dzewaltowski is with the Dept. of Physical Education and Leisure Studies, Center for Exercise Research, Natatorium 8, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66502. John M. Noble and Jeff M. Shaw were graduate students at the time of this study.

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 2945 2945 399
Full Text Views 293 293 31
PDF Downloads 343 343 35