A Negative Halo for Athletes Who Consult Sport Psychologists: Replication and Extension

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

Click name to view affiliation

Darwyn E. LinderArizona State University

Search for other papers by Darwyn E. Linder in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Britton W. BrewerArizona State University

Search for other papers by Britton W. Brewer in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Judy L. Van RaalteArizona State University

Search for other papers by Judy L. Van Raalte in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Nina De LangeArizona State University

Search for other papers by Nina De Lange in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Three studies are reported that replicate and extend previous work showing that athletes who consult a sport psychologist are derogated relative to athletes who work with their coaches on the same problem. In the first study, a multidimensional-scaling analysis was conducted to explore the psychological structure underlying perceptions of 12 sport practitioner professionals. Two dimensions, mental/physical and sport/nonsport, provided the best fit for both male and female subjects. The second and third studies, using different subject populations, were conducted to replicate previous findings and to explore the mediating processess involved. In both experiments, subjects were asked to indicate how strongly they would recommend drafting a college baseball, basketball, or football player who had worked with a coach, a sport psychologist, or a psychotherapist to improve performance. Male undergraduates and Lions Club members gave athletes who consulted sport psychologists or psychotherapists significantly lower draft ratings than athletes who consulted their coaches.

Darwyn E. Linder and Nina De Lange are with the Department of Psychology at Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-1104. Britton W. Brewer is now with the Center for Counseling and Student Development at the University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19711, and Judy L. Van Raalte is now with the Department of Psychology at Springfield College in Springfield, MA 01109.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 1984 667 144
Full Text Views 74 11 0
PDF Downloads 76 12 0