An Introduction to the Sport Commitment Model

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

Click name to view affiliation

Tara K. ScanlanUCLA

Search for other papers by Tara K. Scanlan in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Paul J. CarpenterUCLA

Search for other papers by Paul J. Carpenter in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Jeffery P. SimonsUniversity of Colorado, Boulder

Search for other papers by Jeffery P. Simons in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Greg W. SchmidtMiddle Tennessee State University

Search for other papers by Greg W. Schmidt in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Bruce KeelerBishop, CA

Search for other papers by Bruce Keeler in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

This article introduces a sport-specific theoretical model of commitment. Sport commitment is defined as a psychological state representing the desire or resolve to continue sport participation. The Sport Commitment Model proposes that sport commitment is determined by sport enjoyment, involvement alternatives, personal investments, social constraints, and involvement opportunities. Greater sport enjoyment, personal investments, social constraints, involvement opportunities, and less attractive involvement alternatives are predicted to lead to higher levels of sport commitment. Constitutive definitions were established for each of the model's components, and questionnaire items were developed. Results from the first empirical test of the model conducted with girls (n = 95) and boys (n = 83) participating in a Little League program showed that the questionnaire items formed reliable scales. Correlational analyses demonstrated that several predictors were related to sport commitment as hypothesized. Stepwise regression findings revealed that sport enjoyment and personal investments were the dominant predictors of commitment for this sample. Together, these two model components accounted for 58% of the sport commitment variance.

T. Scanlan and P. Carpenter are with the Department of Psychology at UCLA, 1285 Franz Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90024-1563. G. Schmidt is with the Department of Psychology at MTSU, Box 505, Murfreesboro, TN 37132. J. Simons is with the Department of Kinesiology at the University of Colorado at Boulder, Campus Box 3544, Boulder, CO 80309-0354. B. Keeler resides in Bishop, CA.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 9372 2533 318
Full Text Views 613 162 25
PDF Downloads 821 239 27