The Role of Domain and Gender-Specific Provisions of Social Relations in Adherence to a Prescribed Exercise Regimen

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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  • 1 Oregon Social Learning Center
  • | 2 Oregon Research Institute
  • | 3 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
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The present study investigated the role of domain-specific combinations of social support provisions in adherence to a prescribed exercise regimen. Research participants were middle-aged, sedentary, males and females (N = 85). Separate discriminant function analyses for males and females revealed that among females, the social provisions of guidance and reassurance of worth significantly discriminated adherers and nonadherers. The two provisions of social integration and guidance significantly discriminated adherers and nonadherers among males. Results are discussed with reference to the importance of social provisions in exercise settings, male and female differences, and the implications of social support interventions for enhancing exercise compliance.

T.E. Duncan is with the Oregon Social Learning Center, 207 East 5th Ave., Ste. 202, Eugene, OR 97401. S.C. Duncan is with Oregon Research Institute, 1715 Franklin Blvd., Eugene, OR 97403. E. McAuley is with the Dept. of Kinesiology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Freer Hall, 906 South Goodwin Ave., Urbana, IL 61801.

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