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This investigation examined the influence of leadership behavior on exercise- induced feeling states and self-efficacy beliefs following an acute bout of physical activity. Forty-six college-aged women participated in a single session of physical activity that involved either socially enriched or bland social interactions by an activity leader. Participants completed the Exercise-Induced Feeling Inventory (EFI) and self-efficacy measures prior to and 10 min following the experimental treatments. The results revealed that those in the enriched condition reported greater increases in Revitalization. There was a similar trend for the Positive Engagement subscale, and those in the enriched condition reported much larger increases in self-efficacy. There was no evidence that self-efficacy was related to the change seen in EFI responses; however, enjoyment of the instructors’ approach to the class was related to residualized change scores for both Revitalization and Positive Engagement.
Elizabeth E. Turner and W. Jack Rejeski are with the Department of Health and Exercise Science at Wake Forest University, Box 7868, Winston-Salem, NC 27109. Lawrence R. Brawley is with the Department of Kinesiology at the University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON Canada N2L 3G2. Request reprints from Dr. Rejeski.