Development of the Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire (ASQ)

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

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Harold A. RiemerThe University of Texas at Austin

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Packianathan ChelladuraiThe Ohio State University

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The development of the l5-dimension, 56-item Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire (ASQ) was based on Chelladurai and Riemer’s (1997) classification of facets of athlete satisfaction. Qualitative procedures included item generation, expert judgment, and independent placement of items in relevant facets. Quantitative procedures, item-to-total correlations, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, involving 172 undergraduate students and 614 Canadian university athletes, confirmed the construct validity of the scale. Correlations between the ASQ’s subscales and scales of commitment and negative affectivity provided evidence of criterion-related validity. Reliability estimates (Cronbach’s alpha) ranged from .78 to .95. The 15 facets of ASQ encompassed salient aspects of athletic participation, performance (both individual and team), leadership, the team, the organization, and the athlete.

Harold A. Riemer is with the Department of Kinesiology & Health Education, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712-1204. Packianathan Chelladurai is with the School of Physical Activity and Educational Services, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210-1284.

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