Questionnaire sur l’Ambiance du Groupe: A French-Language Instrument for Measuring Group Cohesion

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

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Jean-Philippe HeuzéUniversity of Reims

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Paul FontayneUniversity of Paris 11

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The present report provides a summary of five studies undertaken to develop a French-language instrument to assess cohesiveness in sport teams—the “Questionnaire sur l’Ambiance du Groupe” (QAG). For the initial version of the instrument, the Group Environment Questionnaire (Carron, Widmeyer, & Brawley, 1985) was translated into French using the protocol outlined by Vallerand (1989). However, psychometric analyses undertaken in Studies 1, 2, and 3 failed to yield acceptable evidence of construct validity. Items were then revised in an attempt to make them more suitable for the French culture. Subsequent analyses in Study 4 provided support for the construct validity and reliability (internal consistency and interscale equivalence) of the QAG. In Study 5, predictive validity was demonstrated. The QAG has been found to possess satisfactory psychometric properties as a measure of cohesion in sport teams.

Jean-Philippe Heuzé is with the Laboratory of Applied Psychology, UFR STAPS, University of Reims, Moulin de la Housse, Bâtiment 6, 51687 Reims Cedex 2, France; Paul Fontayne is with the Research Center for Sport Science, Division STAPS, University of Paris 11, Bâtiment 335, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France.

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