Project on Elite Athlete Commitment (PEAK): II. A Direct Test and Expansion of the Sport Commitment Model with Elite Amateur Sportsmen

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Tara K. Scanlan University of California at Los Angeles

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David G. Russell University of Otago

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Kristin P. Beals University of California at Los Angeles

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Larry A. Scanlan University of California at Los Angeles

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Prospective interview data obtained using the Scanlan Collaborative Interview Method (Scanlan, Russell, Wilson, & Scanlan, 2003) allow further testing and expansion of the Sport Commitment Model (Scanlan, Carpenter, Schmidt, Simons, & Keeler, 1993) and provide a deeper understanding of the commitment process. We examine the Model constructs of Sport Enjoyment, Involvement Opportunities, Involvement Alternatives, Personal Investments, Social Constraints, and a potential new construct, Social Support, to understand how and under what conditions each of the constructs operates. The data from 15 New Zealand All Black rugby players support the Model predictions, show its generalizability from American youth sport to amateur elite-level New Zealand athletes, and suggest possible Model expansion and modification.

International Center for Talent Development, Dept. of Psychology, Franz Hall, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1563

LINZ® Activity & Health Research Unit, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Otago, New Zealand.

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