Measuring Anxiety in Athletics: The Revised Competitive State Anxiety Inventory–2

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Richard H. Cox University of Missouri–Columbia

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Matthew P. Martens SUNY Albany

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William D. Russell Eastern Illinois University

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The purpose of this study was to use confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to revise the factor structure of the CSAI-2 using one data set, and then to use CFA to validate the revised structure using a second data set. The first data set (calibration sample) consisted of 503 college-age intramural athletes, and the second (validation sample) consisted of 331 intercollegiate (Division I) and interscholastic athletes. The results of the initial CFA on the calibration sample resulted in a poor fit to the data. Using the Lagrange Multiplier Test (Gamma) as a guide, CSAI-2 items that loaded on more than one factor were sequentially deleted. The resulting 17-item revised CSAI-2 was then subjected to a CFA using the validation data sample. The results of this CFA revealed a good fit of the data to the model (CFI = .95, NNFI = .94, RMSEA = .054). It is suggested that the CSAI-2R instead of the CSAI-2 be used by researchers and practitioners for measuring competitive state anxiety in athletes.

Dept. of Educational & Counseling Psychology, 16 Hill Hall, Univ. of Missouri– Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211-2130

Dept. of Counseling Psychology, SUNY Albany, Albany, NY 12203

Dept. of Physical Education, Eastern Illinois Univ., Charleston, IL 61920. (M.P. Martens was at the Univ. of Missouri at the time of this work)

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