The purpose of this study was to examine individual (i.e., task self-efficacy, rowing experience, and goal orientations) and group/boat level (perceptions of motivational climate and boat size) determinants of collective efficacy in the sport of rowing. Participants were 154 male and female rowers ages 13 to 18 years (M = 16.19, SD = 1.29). Approximately 24 hours prior to the regional championship regatta, participants completed a demographic measure, the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire, the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2, and sport-specific individual and collective efficacy measures developed for the current study. Multilevel modeling revealed that task self-efficacy significantly predicted individual perceptions of collective efficacy, while perceptions of a mastery climate significantly predicted average collective efficacy scores at the group level.
Dept. of Kinesiology, Michigan State Univ., IM Sports-Circle Bldg, E. Lansing, MI 48824
Long Beach Rowing Assoc., PMB 366, 5318 E. 2nd St., Long Beach, CA 90803. T. Michelle Magyar is now in the Dept. of Psychology, 1285 Franz Hall, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1563.