Attentional Focus, Dispositional Reinvestment, and Skilled Motor Performance under Pressure

Click name to view affiliation

Robin C. Jackson The University of Hong Kong

Search for other papers by Robin C. Jackson in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Kelly J. Ashford Brunel University

Search for other papers by Kelly J. Ashford in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Glen Norsworthy Brunel University

Search for other papers by Glen Norsworthy in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Attentional processes governing skilled motor behavior were examined in two studies. In Experiment 1, field hockey players performed a dribbling task under single-task, dual-task, and skill-focused conditions under both low and high pressure situations. In Experiment 2, skilled soccer players performed a dribbling task under single-task, skill-focused, and process-goal conditions, again under low and high pressure situations. Results replicated recent findings regarding the detrimental effect of skill-focused attention and the facilitative effect of dual-task conditions on skilled performance. In addition, focusing on movement related process goals was found to adversely affect performance. Support for the predictive validity of the Reinvestment Scale was also found, with high reinvesters displaying greater susceptibility to skill failure under pressure. Results were consistent with explicit monitoring theories of choking and are further discussed in light of the conceptual distinction between explicit monitoring and reinvestment of conscious control.

Institute of Human Performance, The University of Hong Kong, 111-113 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, SAR China

School of Sport and Education, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UB8 3PH, U.K.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 5309 855 97
Full Text Views 699 147 2
PDF Downloads 846 190 2