Passion in Sport: A Look at Determinants and Affective Experiences

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

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Robert J. VallerandUniversité du Québec à Montréal

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François L. RousseauConcordia University

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Frédérick M.E. GrouzetMcGill University

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Alexandre DumaisUniversité de Montréal

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Simon GrenierUniversité du Québec à Montréal

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Céline M. BlanchardUniversity of Ottawa

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Based on the Dualistic Model of Passion (Vallerand et al., 2003), a sequence involving the determinants and affective experiences associated with two types of passion (harmonious and obsessive) toward sport was proposed and tested. This sequence posits that high levels of sport valuation and an autonomous personality orientation lead to harmonious passion, whereas high levels of sport valuation and a controlled personality orientation facilitate obsessive passion. In turn, harmonious passion is expected to lead to positive affective experiences in sport but to be either negatively related or unrelated to negative affective experiences. Conversely, obsessive passion is hypothesized to be positively related to negative affective experiences in sport but to be either negatively related or unrelated to positive affective experiences. Results of three studies conducted with recreational and competitive athletes involved in individual and team sports provided support for the proposed integrative sequence. These findings support the role of passion in sport and pave the way to new research.

Vallerand and Grenier are with the Laboratoire de Recherche sur le Comportement Social, Université du Québec, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Rousseau is with Concordia University, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Grouzet is now with the Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

Dumais is with the Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Blanchard is with the University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

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