Relational Efficacy Beliefs in Athlete Dyads: An Investigation Using Actor–Partner Interdependence Models

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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The first purpose of this study was to examine the interrelationships among three forms of relational efficacy within performing dyads, namely, self-efficacy, other-efficacy, and relation-inferred self-efficacy. The second objective was to examine the relationships between these efficacy beliefs and athletes’ perceptions of their commitment to and satisfaction with their current partnership. Participants were 120 junior tennis players (age, M = 14.30 years, SD = 1.21) performing within 60 intact pairs (i.e., doubles). Results revealed that self-efficacy and other-efficacy were predictive of athlete commitment and satisfaction, respectively. In addition, by utilizing actor–partner interdependence models, partner as well as actor effects were evident. The findings illustrate that relational efficacy beliefs may not only have implications for the individual holding such beliefs, but also for his or her relational partner. Implications for the future study of efficacy beliefs within dyadic contexts are discussed.

Jackson is with the Centre for Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Leeds, UK; Beauchamp is with the School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Canada; and Knapp is with the School of Healthcare, University of Leeds, UK.