Path Analysis of Self-Efficacy and Diving Performance Revisited

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

Click name to view affiliation

Deborah L. FeltzMichigan State University

Search for other papers by Deborah L. Feltz in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Graig M. ChowMichigan State University

Search for other papers by Graig M. Chow in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Teri J. HeplerMichigan State University

Search for other papers by Teri J. Hepler in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

The Feltz (1982) path analysis of the relationship between diving efficacy and performance showed that, over trials, past performance was a stronger predictor than self-efficacy of performance. Bandura (1997) criticized the study as statistically “overcontrolling” for past performance by using raw past performance scores along with self-efficacy as predictors of performance. He suggests residualizing past performance by regressing the raw scores on self-efficacy and entering them into the model to remove prior contributions of self-efficacy imbedded in past performance scores. To resolve this controversy, we reanalyzed the Feltz data using three statistical models: raw past performance, residual past performance, and a method that residualizes past performance and self-efficacy. Results revealed that self-efficacy was a stronger predictor of performance in both residualized models than in the raw past performance model. Furthermore, the influence of past performance on future performance was weaker when the residualized methods were conducted.

The authors are with the Department of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing MI.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 2222 962 211
Full Text Views 96 24 3
PDF Downloads 73 19 2